ESOPs are a unique type of qualified retirement plan. This unique aspect of owning and leveraging employer shares brings about unique tax consequences. This session will review tax rules specific to structuring ESOP transactions (such as S corporation vs. C corporation treatment and 1042 tax deferral) and existing ESOP sponsors (such as deduction limits, book-tax differences, and section 409(p).) The session assumes intermediate competency related to ESOPs. Auditors will benefit from the material as it is based on ESOP operations that have financial statement effects.